List of Party Congresses

Number

Dates

Place

Comments

1

1-3 [14-16] Mar 1898

Minsk, Russian Empire

RDSLP founding conference2



2

17 [30] Jul - 10 [23] Aug 1903

Brussels, Belgium and London, UK

RDSLP splits into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks factions. First Program of Bolshevik Party (1st Party Program).



3

12-27 April [25 Apr - 10 May] 1905

London, UK

Bolsheviks only

4 ( "Unification")

10-25 April [23 Apr - 8 May] 1906

Stockholm, Sweden

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks re-unite in the same party, but keep their factions

5 “London")

30 April - 19 May [13 May - 1 June] 1907

London, UK

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks together

6

26 July - 3 August [8-16 August] 1917

Petrograd, Russian Republic

Held semi-legally in between revolutions, Bolsheviks merge with the Mezhraiontsy, final break with the Mensheviks

7 (Extraordinary)

6-8 March 1918

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Party becomes Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

8

18-23 March 1919

Moscow, Russian SFSR

New (2nd) Party Program adopted by Congress.

9

29 March - 5 April 1920

Moscow, Russian SFSR

10

8-16 March 1921

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Internal party factions banned in a secret resolution

11

27 March - 2 April 1922

Moscow, Russian SFSR

12

17-25 April 1923

Moscow, USSR

13

23-31 May 1924

Moscow, USSR

First Congress since Lenin's death

14

18-31 December 1925

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

15

2-19 December 1927

Moscow, USSR

Stalin consolidated, Trotskyists expelled

16

26 June - 13 July 1930

Moscow, USSR

17

26 January - 10 February 1934

Moscow, USSR

"Congress of Victors."

18

10-21 March 1939

Moscow, USSR


19

5-14 October 1952

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Stalin's last Congress